Scimitar Horned Oryx

scimitar horned oryx

Primarily found in

Northern Africa, semi-desert regions from Morocco to Senegal.

Introduction to the Scimitar-Horned Oryx

One of 3 U.S. exotic species currently included in a pending ruling to ban breeding, selling and hunting.

Scimitar-horned oryx are a white colored oryx with a light orange to reddish neck and chest.  Face and leg markings are often beige.  May have a faint flank stripe.  Medium-sized antelope that is often noted for its long, thin, ringed horns that sweep back over their backs.  Both sexes display horns.  Lengths of horns in males can reach 50+inches but average 34 to 36 inches.  Width between horn tips (spread) varies widely, from 5 inches to over 2 feet.  Fawns are born tan with a tint of orange hue.  Adult oryx will tip the scales at easily over 200 lbs., with males averaging 330 lbs and females 265 lbs.

Scimitar-Horned Oryx behavior

A nomadic herd animal in the wild, oryx travel in mixed groups of males, females, and young.  Individual oryx are often reluctant to remain solitary.  Prefer spending time in open areas with freedom to roam.  Oryx are some of the most well adapted species for dry, barren habitats.  Scimitar Oryx can survive without water for many weeks because of their specialized kidneys that prevent loss of water from urination.  They can also modify their body temperature to avoid perspiration.  Derive much of their daily intake from plants eaten during morning and evening (when water content is highest).

Scimitar-Horned Oryx food and eating habits

Primarily grazers.  Selectively feed on a variety of foods - primarily grasses, but also legumes and leaves and the fruit of trees and shrubs.  Will also dig for succulent tubers and roots.

Scimitar-Horned Oryx average life span

Live up to 20 years.