Primarily found in
Indian subcontinent in Asia.
Introduction to the Barasingha
The Barasingha weighs 170 - 180 kg (370 - 400 lb). It occurs in a wide range of habitats, especially preferring marshes, where it can be highly aquatic, and grassy areas close to water. It also occurs in a variety of forest types. It eats mainly grasses. The Barasingha can be active during the day or at night. It associates in mixed herds of males and females for most of the year, averaging about 10 - 20 animals in a herd.
The Barasingha was formerly located in suitable localities throughout the basins of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers as well as central India. Its population has declined significantly. Currently, it is restricted to India and Nepal a northern population in the Teraj of Uttar Pradesh and adjoining Nepal and Assam, as well as a southern population in Madhya Pradesh.
The drastic decline of the Barasingha is due predominantly to loss or modification of its habitat for cultivation or tree plantations, such as the planting of eucalyptus. Poaching and shooting for (allegedly) crop protection has also had a major impact. Diseases introduced by cattle may also have been a factor.
Barasingha refer to inhabit marshes or swamplands. Like to feed in open grasslands and take shelter in brush during heat of the day and harsh weather conditions. Males create wallows and gather harems of females during breeding season. Use smell as their primary sense for detecting danger. Will drink twice a day during the hottest parts of the year. Stripping of antler velvet takes place in late August to September and usually drop antlers in February.
Barasingha food and eating habits
Survive mainly on grasses, but will browse on occasion. Prefer fresh, green growth, but will graze on course, dry grasses if all that persists. Live Oak is a preferred browse in states where they are available, such as Texas.
Barasingha average life span
Can live 20 to 30 years.